A little bit of history: The history of modern Edinburgh goes back over 1,000 years, and you may have heard that the castle itself is perched atop volcanic rock. It’s easy to see how this position would’ve been advantageous for safety and warfare. The castle was built around 1100 AD and, as with castles, was edited over the centuries till it became what you see today. The town descended from this castle, a plan you can still see today, and many of the buildings that are in Old Town date to the medieval ages, the 1400s-1500s. You can learn about the grisly history of Edinburgh on a ghost tour, but living conditions became so awful that the city was revamped in the mid-1700s, creating New Town across the gorge. While visiting Edinburgh, you will notice the medieval heritage of Old Town and the Georgian style of New Town quite easily.
Edinburgh, as the capital of Scotland since 1437, was the centre of many a dispute between the English and Scottish. It is notably where many Scottish royalty resided, including Mary Queen of Scots and King James VI.
First of all, the architecture is stunning. The city is perched on a very hilly area and the stone buildings that date anywhere from medieval times, to the Georgian era, to the modern day, they all sit on layers of the city like the hill formations weren’t even a challenge for the architects. It all blends so beautifully. People give Paris praise for its Haussmann architecture but Edinburgh is so beautiful in the same regard. It seems a bit intimidating at first but once you learn how to get around, it’s not too difficult to navigate. Just walking around and seeing everything there is is amazing. Scotland isn’t known for its cuisine but the sheer amount of vegetarian food offered, including vegan haggis, is fantastic. Not to mention that the bar scene is great, as well. I’m not a clubber but there’s certainly a good number of bars to visit and make friends at. There’s also a decent amount of local shopping to be had in Edinburgh.
Note that Edinburgh is divided into two main areas, divided by Princes Street Gardens and the train station: New Town and Old Town. Old Town is more medieval and has a majority of the tourist attractions. New Town is more Georgian and has a lot more non-tourist shopping, eating, etc.
The view from King Arthur’s Seat
There’s a tonne to do in the city, as well. Of course Edinburgh Castle is the most popular, where you can still see the views that would make Edinburgh what it is today. The museum focuses more on military history rather than cultural history, but the castle is nevertheless the highlight of the city. However they do have some crown jewels, a banquet hall used by Scottish royalty, and an early version of the American flag. The oldest part of the castle can still be seen, St. Margaret’s Chapel (dating to the 1100s), and you can go in if your name is Margaret. If you do want to see everything, it can take a few hours. It’s still a complete fortification.
Walking down the Royal Mile, a beautiful street, you can see St Giles’ Cathedral and the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Behind the palace is Holyrood Park, which houses the legendary King Arthur’s Seat, which is a beautiful and rewarding climb, though it’s not easy as it has lots of wind and mud. You can also visit Calton Hill for some magnificent views of the city.
Some other things to do in Edinburgh include the Scottish National Gallery, the Museum of Edinburgh, the People’s Story Museum, and the Scottish National Portrait Gallery. A favourite of mine is the National Museum of Scotland, which houses Greyfriar’s Bobby’s collar and Dolly the Sheep.
Camera Obscura is another really popular tourist attraction that we found fun. We also wanted to see Real Mary King’s Close but unfortunately advanced tickets were required as they sell out quickly. At Real Mary King’s Close, you can go underneath the city of Old Town to see the structures that these centuries-old buildings were built on top of. We were disappointed we didn’t make it because it sounds like a great time!
Of course Edinburgh houses several of its own citizens so there’s also a tonne of theatres, restaurants, tea houses, and more to keep occupied with.
Edinburgh is absolutely steeped in history, and the residents are proud of it. I definitely recommend getting a guidebook on historic sites in Edinburgh and/or taking one of their many tours. You can walk right by the John Knox House, Witches’ Well, and Queen Mary’s Bath House without knowing their significance. Edinburgh also has a lot of ghost tours, which are pretty fun. The city is also known as being one of the world’s most haunted.
Also be sure to visit the incredibly cute area of Dean’s Village, which also dates back centuries.
Any other Potterheads here? You might look at George Heriot’s School and think it looks like Hogwarts – because it inspired Hogwarts! Harry Potter started in Edinburgh. J.K. Rowling sat down at Spoon and the Elephant House to write the first book in the series, and a lot of the movies are filmed in Scotland. I was actually lucky enough to just stumble upon the restaurant and my inner fangirl exploded when I learned that the queen Rowling herself had started the series there. And to top it off, the food was quite delicious. I wrote a blog post on several things to do in Edinburgh that are Harry Potter-related.
In case you couldn’t tell, I love Edinburgh in all that it is and all it has to offer. It’s a great destination for solo travellers, families, friends, and couples – just about anyone. Edinburgh is also a great mixture of a relaxed, sleepy city that still has a great amount to do for tourists and beyond mainstream attractions. Have you ever been to Edinburgh? What did you think?
This post was heavily edited on August 13, 2019, following a second trip to Edinburgh.
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Posted on Friday, June 1, 2018 in Destinations
Tags: edinburgh, scotland